We skipped a day on the posts because we only want to show sunny days. Not really, it is just that we had a big driving day and our only stop was a shopping stop in an agate store (but it was a cloudy, rainy day.) We were very happy to get to New Brunswick where the signs are in French and English and more people speak English. We were doing pretty well with the French, but things are much easier now.
We stopped at Village Acadien Historique which is an historical reconstruction that portrays the way of life of Acadiens between 1770 and 1949. It was probably one of the best historical villages we have ever seen. They have more than 40 buildings and they are staffed by interpreters in period costume. The interpreters shared history, customs and showed us how many things were made, such as brooms, cloth and food.
Acadia was a colony of New France that included parts of eastern Quebec, the Maritime provinces, and modern-day Maine. The first capital of Acadia, established in 1605, was Port-Royal. A British force from Virginia attacked and burned down the town in 1613, but it was later rebuilt nearby, where it remained the longest serving capital of French Acadia until the British siege in 1710. In seventy-four years there were six colonial wars, in which English and later British interests tried to capture Acadia. While Acadia was officially conquered in 1710 during Queen Anne’s War, present-day New Brunswick and much of Maine remained contested territory.
A lot of the history in the village we visited was around the Great Deportation which was the forced removal by the British of the Acadian people from the present day Canadian Maritime provinces of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island. The Expulsion (1755–1764) occurred during the French and Indian War and was part of the British military campaign against New France. The British first deported Acadians to the Thirteen Colonies, and after 1758 transported additional Acadians to Britain and France. In all, of the 14,100 Acadians in the region, approximately 11,500 Acadians were deported (a census of 1764 indicates that 2,600 Acadians remained in the colony, presumably having eluded capture). The result of the Deportation was the devastation of both a primarily civilian population and the economy of the region. Thousands of Acadiens died in the expulsions, mainly from diseases and drowning when ships were lost. On July 11, 1764, the British government passed an order-in-council to permit Acadians to legally return to British territories, provided that they take an unqualified oath of allegiance.
Today the largest population of Acadiens are located in Louisiana, they are known as Cajuns (the English (mis)pronunciation of ‘Cadians). It seems that many of the Acadiens that were relocated to France, eventually went to Louisiana because it had been colonized by the French and they had family there. Others went there because the Spanish government was making it beneficial to relocate there (France ceded that area to Spain in 1762).