Yesterday, we decided to take an hour drive to visit the Casa Grande Ruins National Monument (O’odham: Siwañ Waʼa Ki:), which preserves a group of Ancient Pueblo Peoples Hohokam structures. Specifically, the national monument consists of the ruins of multiple structures surrounded by a compound wall constructed by the ancient people of the Hohokam period, who farmed the Gila Valley in the early 13th century. Archeologists have discovered evidence that the ancient Sonoran Desert people who built the Casa Grande also developed wide-scale irrigation farming and extensive trade connections which lasted over a thousand years until about 1450. The first picture below is the “Casa Grande” or “big house” in Spanish, and refers to the largest structure on the site, which is what remains of a four story structure that may have been abandoned by 1450. The structure is made of caliche, and has managed to survive the extreme weather conditions for about seven centuries.
The second picture is another beautiful sunrise behind our house.